Preventive Dentistry

Brushing and Flossing

Deep pits and fissures are source of 80% of decay in children and adults. This is mainly because of food and bacterial plaque getting stuck in these tight crevices. Also it becomes very difficult to remove these deposits with brushing. The acids and enzymes released by plaque leads to dissolution of enamel and thus leading to cavity.

Treatment
Fissurotomy and prophylactic odontomy are the most commonly carried out dental treatment to avoid pit and fissure cavities. It involves widening of the grooves and crevices and filling the same with a sealant which is a tooth colored material. This procedure seals these pits and fissures and thus protects the enamel from harmful bacterial enzymes and acids.

Fluoride treatment is effective in children and adults who are at high risk of developing dental caries and root caries. Fluoride leads to remineralization of enamel and thus can lead to, upto 60% reduction in decay. Fluoride application is generally carried out by placing foam trays loaded with fluoride gel in mouth for 4-5 minutes. Repeated application is generally required at regular intervals. Night guard is also known as occlusal splint which is generally advised for patients who are habitual bruxers or heavy grinders or clenchers. These patients are at high risk of loosing their enamel leading to loss in vertical height of the tooth or sometimes even fracture of tooth. These patients are usually unaware of them being bruxers as most of this activity happens when he/ she sleeps.

Night guards are custom made trays for either upper or lower dental arch and has to be worn at night for 5-6 nights a week. When the night guard is worn it prevents the upper and lower teeth from touching each other and thus prevents the damage. Snoring is a most common problem which can prevent people from falling into restorative stages of sleep and might disturb your sleeping pattern. People who snore need not necessarily have obstructive sleep apnea, but most people with obstructive sleep apnea do snore. The main cause of sleep apnea is that, during sleep the tongue and throat muscles relax too much, enough to temporarily collapse and block breathing for about 30 seconds. If not checked, sleep apnea can lead to high blood pressure, cardiovascular diseases, weight gain, headaches and memory problems. To reduce or correct this problem anti - snoring device are available recently.